Current problems of Europe

Turkey-EU energy cooperation in the context of geopolitical challenges of the 21st century

Аватков В.А., Клименко Д.В.

Avatkov Vladimir Alekseevich – Sc.D. in Political Sciences, Head of the Department of the Middle and Post-Soviet East, INION RAS. Klimenko Danil Vladimirovich – Junior Researcher, ANO «Center for Oriental Studies and Intercultural Communications».


The article is devoted to the evolution of Turkish-European relations in the context of energy cooperation in the first quarter of the 21st century. It explores the strategic priorities set by Turkey and the European Union in the development of their energy policies and the priorities for ensuring energy security. Particular attention is paid to the high degree of interdependence of both parties on external supplies of liquefied natural gas, which becomes a pivotal point of contact and collaboration. A comparative analysis of the energy policies of the EU and Turkey is conducted, common features and differences in their priorities and strategies are highlighted. The key factors contributing to the convergence and intertwining of the energy interests of Turkey and the EU are identified. Turkey’s political and economic rapprochement with Russia is shown as well as the influence of this factor on the relationships with the EU. Geopolitical priorities of Turkey, such as the «Turkish Stream» and the «Blue Stream» and their role in the country’s energy strategy are discussed. The article conducts an analysis of key joint energy projects undertaken by Turkey and the EU in the 21st century, including a study of mutually beneficial aspirations, as well as factors that may hinder their successful implementation. Much attention is paid to the political confrontation and differences in views on energy issues between Turkey and the EU, especially in the context of changing geopolitical dynamics in recent years, which impede the productive development of cooperation. Turkey’s potential role as a transit hub for energy supplies to Europe, especially from Asia and the Middle East, is shown. In conclusion, possible options and prospects for the development of Turkish-European energy cooperation are presented, taking into account Turkey’s role as an important energy hub for Europe. It is stated that in order to understand the current evolution and predict the future of energy cooperation between Turkey and the EU in the context of changing global energy map, it is important to take into account all of the above aspects.


Turkey, EU, political dialogue, energy cooperation, Southern Gas Corridor, TAP, TANAP, security, pipelines, LNG.

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